American Thoracic Society. Dyspnea: mechanisms, assessment, and management: a consensus statement. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998;159:322-340.
American Thoracic Society. ATS Statement: Guidelines for the six-minute walk test. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002;166:111-117.
Bansal V, Hill K, Dolmage TE, Brooks D, Woon LJ, Goldstein RS. Modifying track layout from straight to circular has a modest effect on the 6-min walk distance. Chest 2008;133:1155-1160.
Benzo R, Flume PA, Turner D, Tempest M. Effect of pulmonary rehabilitation on quality of life in patients with COPD: the use of SF-36 summary scores as outcomes measures. J Cardiopulm Rehabil. 2000;20:231-234.
Bestall JC, Paul EA, Garrod R, Garnham R, Jones PW, Wedzicha JA. Usefulness of the Medical Research Council (MRC) dyspnoea scale as a measure of disability in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Thorax. 1999;54:581-586.
Borg G. Psychophysical bases of perceived exertion. Med Sci Sports Exer. 1982;14:377-381.
Boueri FM, Bucher-Bartelson BL, Glenn KA, Make BJ. Quality of life measured with a generic instrument (Short Form-36) improves following pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with COPD. Chest. 2001;119:77-84.
Celli B, Cote CG, Marin JM, Casanova C, Montes de Oca M, Mendez RA, et al. The body-mass index, airflow obstruction, dyspnea and exercise capacity index in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. N Engl J Med. 2004;350:1005-1012.
Cote, C., & Celli, B. (2005). Pulmonary Rehabilitation and the BODE Index in COPD. Eur Respir J, 26, 630-636.
Evans RA, Singh SJ, Collier R, Williams JE, Morgan MD. Pulmonary rehabilitation is successful for COPD irrespective of MRC dyspnoea grade. Respiratory Medicine 2009;103:1070-1075.
Fletcher CM. Standardised questionnaire on respiratory symptoms: a statement prepared and approved by the MRC committee on the aetiology of chronic bronchitis (MRC breathlessness score). Br Med J. 1960;2:1665.
Garrod R, Marshall J, Barley E, Jones PW. Predictors of success and failure in pulmonary rehabilitation. Eur Respir J 2006;27:788-794
Guyatt GH, Berman LB, Townsend M, Pugsley SO, Chambers LW. A measure of quality of life for clinical trials in chronic lung disease. Thorax. 1987;42:773-778.
Harper R, Brazier J, Waterhouse J, Walters S, Jones N, Howard P. Comparison of outcome measures for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in an outpatient setting. Thorax. 1997;52:879–887.
Hill CJ, Denehy L, Holland AE, McDonald CF. Measurement of functional activity in
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: The grocery shelving task. Journal of
Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention 2008; 28:402-409.
Holland AE, Hill CJ, Conron M, Munro P, McDonald CF. Small changes in six minute walk distance are important in diffuse parenchymal lung disease. Respiratory Medicine 2009; doi:10.1016/j.rmed.2009.04.024
Jenkins S, Cecins N, Camarri B, Williams C, Thompson P, Eastwood P. Regression equations to predict 6 minute walk distance in middle-aged and elderly adults. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 25(7):1-7, 2009. DOI:10.1080/09593980802664711.
Jones PW, Quirk FH, Baveystock CM, Littlejohn P. A self-complete measure of health status for chronic airflow limitation. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1992;145:1321-1327.
Lacasse Y, Wong E, Guyatt G. A systematic overview of the measurement properties of the chronic respiratory questionnaire. Canad Respir J. 1997;4:131-139.
Laviolette L, Bourbeau J, Bernard S, Lacasse Y, Pepin V, Breton MJ, Baltzan M, Rouleau M, Maltais F. Assessing the impact of pulmonary rehabilitation on functional status in COPD. Thorax 2008;63:115-121
Mahler DA, Faryniarz K, Tomlinson D, Colice GL, Robins AG, Olmstead EM, et al. Impact of dyspnoea and physiologic function on general health status in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Chest.1992;102:395-401.
Mahler DA, Mackowiak JI. Evaluation of the short-form 36-item questionnaire to measure health-related quality of life in patients with COPD. Chest. 1995;107:1585-1589.
Mahler DA, Rosiello RA, Harver A, Lentine T, McGovern JF, Daubenspeck JA. Comparison of clinical dyspnoea ratings and psychophysical measurement of respiratory sensation in obstructive airway disease. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1987;135:1229-1233.
Mahler DA, Weinberg DH, Wells CK, Feinstein AR. The measurement of dyspnoea: contents, interobserver agreement, and physiologic correlates of two new clinical indexes. Chest. 1984;85:751-758.
McKenzie DK, Frith PA, Burdon JGW, Town GI. The COPDX plan: Australian and New Zealand guidelines for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Med J Aust. 2003;178(6 Suppl):S1-S40.
Nici L, Donner C, Wouters E, Zuwallack R, Ambrosino N, Bourbeau J, Carone M, Celli B, Engelen M, Fahy B, et al. American thoracic society/european respiratory society statement on pulmonary rehabilitation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2006;173:1390-1413.
Ong, K., Earnest, A., & Lu, S. (2005). A Multidimensional Grading System (BODE Index) as Predictor of Hospitalisation for COPD. Chest, 128(6), 3810-3816.
Puhan MA, Mador MJ, Held U, Goldstein R, Guyatt GH, Schunemann HJ. Interpretation of treatment changes in 6-minute walk distance in patients with COPD. Eur Respir J 2008;32:637-643.
Puhan M, Scharplatz M, Troosters T, Walters EH, Steurer J. Pulmonary rehabilitation following exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD005305. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005305.pub2.
Redelmeier DA, Bayoumi AM, Goldstein RS, Guyatt GH. Interpreting small differences in functional status: the six minute walk test in chronic lung disease patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997;155:1278-1282.
Schunemann HJ, Guyatt GH. Commentary - goodbye M(C)ID! Hello MID, where do you come from? Health Services Research 2005;40:593-597.
Sciurba FC, Slivka WA. Six-minute walk testing. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 1998;19:383-392.
Singh S, Morgan D, Scott S, Walters D, Hardman A. Development of a shuttle waking test of disability in patients with chronic airways obstruction. Thorax. 1992;47:1019-1024.
Singh SJ, Sodergan SC, Hyland ME, et al. A comparison of three disease specific and two generic health-status measures to evaluate the outcome of the pulmonary rehabilitation of COPD. Respir Med. 2001;95:71–77.
Singh SJ, Jones PW, Evans R & Morgan MDL. Minimum clinically important improvement for the incremental shuttle walking test. Thorax 2008; 63:775-777.
Solway S, Brooks D, Lacasse Y, Thomas S. A qualitative systematic overview of the measurement properties of functional walk tests used in the cardiorespiratory domain. Chest. 2001;119:256-270.
Stoller JK, Ferranti R, Feinstein AR. Further specifications of a new clinical index for dyspnoea. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1986;134:1129-1134.
Takahashi T, Jenkins SC, Strauss GR, Watson CP, Lake FR. A new unsupported upper limb
exercise test for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Journal of
Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation 2003; 23:430-437.
de Torres, J, Pinto-Plata V, Ingenito E, Bagley P, Gray A, Berger R, et al. Power of outcome measurements to detect clinically significant changes in pulmonary rehabilitation of patients with COPD. Chest. 2002;121:1092–1098.
Ware JE, and Sherbourne CD. The MOS 36-Item short form health survey (SF-36). Conceptual framework and item selection. Medical Care. 1992;30:473-483.
Wedzicha JA, Bestall JC, Garrod R, Garnham R, Paul EA, Jones PW. Randomized controlled trial of pulmonary rehabilitation in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, stratified with the MRC dyspnea scale. Eur Respir J. 1998;12:363–369.
Williams JE, Singh S, Sewell L, Guyatt G, Morgan MD. Development of a self-reported chronic respiratory questionnaire (CRQ-SR).Thorax. 2001;56:954–959.
Williams JE, Singh S, Sewell L, Morgan MD. Health status measurement: sensitivity of the self-reported chronic respiratory questionnaire (CRQ-SR) in pulmonary rehabilitation. Thorax. 2003;58:515-518.
Wijkstra PJ, Tenvergert EM, VanAltena R, Otten V, Postma D, Kraan J, et al. Reliability and validity of the chronic respiratory questionnaire (CRQ). Thorax. 1994;49:465-467.
ZuWallack R, Haggerty MC, Jones P. Clinically meaningful outcomes in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Med. 2004;117 Suppl 12A:49S-59S.